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The heir apparent to the presidency garners a new
After resigning as Governor of Tennessee, Houston left Nashville
in the middle of the night, boarded a steamboat on the Cumberland
River, and headed to Arkansas. In
a letter to Andrew Jackson, Houston
lamented his domestic misfortune. He informed Jackson that he had
reunited with Chief Oolooteka and his Cherokee family and also offered
his services to keep peace among the Indians.
During his three-year self-imposed exile, Houston became a Cherokee
citizen, dressed in Indian clothing, and married Tiana Rogers, an
Indian woman of mixed blood. He ran a trading post called Wigwam
Neosho and drank so heavily that he earned the nickname "Big
Houston also became involved in Indian affairs, gaining respect
among the Cherokee, Osage, and Creek tribes, and often acting as
peacemaker and tribal emissary. Houston made trips to Tennessee,
Washington, and New York, advancing Indian causes and gradually re-entering
the white world.
In 1832, Houston generated controversy in the white world once again,
when, on a trip to Washington, he assaulted William Stanbery, a US
Representative from Ohio, apparently in a dispute over an Indian
issue. Houston received a reprimanded from the House of Representatives
for the assault and also found himself back in the world of national
politics. Soon thereafter, with the support and encouragement of
his mentor, President Jackson, Houston was off to Texas to make more
Randolph B. Campbell, Sam
Houston and the American Southwest, ed.
Oscar Handlin (New York: Harper Collins, 1993).
The Sam Houston Memorial Museum, accessed June, 2003.
The Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June, 2003.
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