|| Arched recess
at the end of a church.
|| A series of arches supported
by columns or piers.
A lintel or beam resting on columns, the lowermost member of a classical
|| The upright support, often decoratively
carved or turned, in a handrail or balustrade
A public building of ancient Rome having a central nave with an
apse at one or both ends and two side aisles formed by rows of columns,
which was used as a courtroom or assembly hall.
2. A Christian church building of
similar design, having a nave with a semicircular apse, two or four
side aisles, a narthex, and a clerestory
|| A structure designed and situated
to look out upon a pleasing view and therefore often place atop
|| A structure,
usually brick or stone, built against a wall for support or reinforcement.
|| A bell tower, usually one near
but not attached to a church or other public building.
|| The uppermost
portion of a column, pillar, or shaft, usually characteristic of
an order, supporting the entablature.
|| A concave molding with a cross
section that approximates a quarter circle.
|| The space
around the altar of a church for the clergy and sometimes the choir,
often enclosed by a lattice or railing.
The upper part of the nave, transepts, and choir of a church containing
2. An upper portion of a wall containing windows for supplying
natural light to a building.
|| A decorative
sunken panel in a ceiling, dome, soffit or vault.
|| A small column, in Federal architecture
often flanking a doorway.
|| See Orders.
|| A horizontal molded projection
that crowns or completes a building or wall.
|| A light structure
on a dome or roof, serving as a belfry, lantern, or belvedere.
|| See Orders.
|| The upper
section of a wall or story that is usually supported on columns
or pilasters that consists of classical orders of architrave, frieze,
|| A slight convexity given to
|| The part of
a classical entablature between the architrave and the cornice.
|| Triangular upper part of the
wall at the end of a ridged roof.
|| See Orders.
|Narthex - vestibule
A portico or lobby of an early Christian or Byzantine church or
basilica, originally separated from the nave by a railing or screen.
2. An entrance hall leading to the
nave of a church.
|| The central
part of a church, extending from the narthex to the chancel and
flanked by aisles.
A column with its base and
capital, together with the entablature which it supports. The
Greek orders are
, distinguished by a capital consisting of a plain curved
molding, triglyph in the frieze, and the absence of a base; Ionic
with its scroll-like capital; and Corinthian
in which the capital consists of stylized acanthus leaves.
|| An ornament
consisting of radiating fronds or petals arranged in a palm-like
pattern, closely related to the Egyptian lotus and Greek anthemion,
in the Doric order often applied to the soffit at its corners.
|| A low gable or gable-like feature,
typically triangular and outlined with cornices, usually placed
over a door, window, or porch.
|| A shallow
rectangular feature projecting from a wall, having a capital and
base and usually imitating the form of a column.
|| A small, upright structure,
capping a tower, buttress, or other projecting architectural member;
common in nineteenth-century Gothic Revival buildings.
|| A structure
consisting of a roof supported by columns or piers, usually attached
to a building as a porch.
|| Masonry deliberately rough and
laid up in oversized and crude blocks, usually in basements.
|| The holiest
part of a sacred place, as the part of a Christian church around
|| The underside of a subordinate
part or member of a building, such as a staircase, entablature,
archway, or cornice.
ornamental work with branching lines, especially decorative openwork
in a Gothic window.
|| The transverse part of a cruciform
church, crossing the nave at right angles.
|| A framework
of wood, designed to carry roof loads, that usually spans from wall
|| The common building style of
a period or place.
James Patrick, Architecture in Tennessee, 1768-1897
(Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1981).